Undoubtedly, roulettes are one of the oldest and most iconic sources of entertainment for casinos. It has been glimpsed in commercials, films, and pamphlets that this game, apparently simple, contains a whole technique.
The fans of this game know exactly how to play it, and adapt without question to the American or European versions. However, beyond these aspects, which are merely experimental, there is a history that goes back centuries, starting with an equivocal finding.
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How Blaise Pascal invented the roulette by mistake
A modest amount of inventions that the world has seen being born sought, in the first instance, to demonstrate something completely different. Hence, science and technology state that “every great invention is, in a certain way, a detour in the plan”.
Roulette, with its rich and endearing history, does not escape this rule. In fact, as a coincidence, it has brought entertainment to societies and profits not negligible to the gaming rooms that they have patented and used to date.
The origins, however, date back to the seventeenth century, in France. History confirms that at that time the mathematical physicist -and also inventor- Blaise Pascal, designed a perpetual motion machine that, almost four centuries later is still known as roulette.
During the dawn of roulette, it was the Parisian monarchy that gave a better account to this artifact. They began to use it as a private diversion and, although its exclusive character remained unchanged for a long time, little by little the populace abated them to install in French pubs and taverns the great invention of Blaise Pascal.
Opposing this version, there are those who claim that the roulette nation is a derivation of an American game called “Roly Poly”. However, these arguments have never been proven. Rather, it is claimed that this system could contribute to modern roulette games.
The contribution of François and Lois Blanc
Between the century that was created and the one that happened to him, the artifact designed by Pascal kept its characteristics intact, and it was not until 1842 when the first major modification occurred: the addition of a zero.
This contribution, made by François and Lois Blanc, ensured that, no matter what, the casinos began to have a little advantage over their players. The zero, which still exists in modern tables, cancels any bet, and the whole round loses the consigned credit. This modification, for profit, was personally ordered by King Carlos III of Monaco. And it responds to a powerful economic need that put the European town as a point of reference for casinos.
The day the roulettes sustained the economy of Monaco
For the time to which this history goes back, the economies of the world -regulated by mercantilism and capitalism-, volatilized and fluctuated with an energy that sometimes danced for good and other times unraveled in millionaire losses.
The idea of Carlos III was to build a casino and make available to the users his new roulette model. The result, logically, was positive, generating a considerable amount of income for Monaco and consolidating its position as a referential point of high class, luxurious and refined lives that, up to the present day, have not managed to be demeaned.
The success that that town consecrated, nevertheless, included external factors, but the prohibition of the games of the casino that established France had more weight than the others. Thus, overnight, Monaco became the tourist destination par excellence for lovers of lights, colors, and glamor that tend their betting rooms.
The Yankee version of roulettes
Logically, with popularity so galloping as that achieved by the roulettes in Europe, it was only a matter of time before the Americans began to add them to their gaming rooms. And so it was, but they were not saved from certain modifications.
In this way, the roulettes experienced in the 19th century the second major change known in their history: the addition of a second zero. The American versions of the game were intended to offer more advantage to the house. Therefore, to the original 36 numbers of Pascal, and to the 37 that were established because of the zero, this system of games was made of 38 lanes after this modification.
Far from being the favorite model of roulettes, it is the one that currently predominates in the casinos of the United States. In fact, European roulette – designed in Monaco – is part of the game but without as much boom as in the past. The salons of bets in the North American country establish, rigorously, that their system is the one that must be present in the salons.
Roulettes and popular culture
Icon of the games of chance, the roulettes are firmly established in popular culture, triggering curiosities as interesting as absurd. Some take them with humor and others, simply, they receive it too seriously.
One of these beliefs is the “devil’s game” since the numbers of the wheel add up to a total of 666, a figure of satanic allegory throughout the world.
Another fact that surrounds roulettes is its mathematical advantage over other games that are merely random. For example, in Atlantic City, craps and baccarat offer great opportunities for their players. However, the betting systems that were developed for roulettes are better constituted.
Finally, another fascinating story involving roulettes as the central axis occurred when the English Andrew Revell sold all his assets took sixty-five thousand pounds and doubled the money putting everything in “red” – that is, betting on those boxes – Unfortunately, he lost all of 2012.
No game escaped the technological reach and the roulettes, with their emblematic past, could not be the exception. Currently, the United Kingdom -for its less incisive policies-, erects the best online betting rooms where playing roulettes is a unique, pleasant and lucrative experience